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Fertility test in men; How to know whether you’re fertile or not

Fertility test in men

The issue of fertility has been a female problem for decades.

Our society always points out struggles or inability to bear a child to be a woman’s problem.

However, infertility is now equally a male problem as more males are proving to be the most affected.

The most common cause of infertility in men is a problem with sperm, including:

  • Low sperm count, which means you have too few or no sperm in your semen.
  • Your sperm don’t move as well as they should, sperm motility.
  • You have abnormally formed sperm.
  • Your sperm ducts are blocked.

Fertility test in men

On average, each time man ejaculates releases 2-6 milliliters (mL) of semen, or around a 1/2 teaspoon to 1 teaspoon.

Less than that amount may not contain enough sperm for a woman to get pregnant. 

On the other hand, more than that could dilute the concentration of sperm.

Semen should be thick and become thinner 10 to 15 minutes after ejaculation. 

Semen that stays thick may make it difficult for sperm to move.

 A man can know whether they are fertile by undergoing a fertility test. 

The man needs to avoid having sex for 3-5 days, after which a sample will be collected.

After its collection, the sample is given liquefaction, and the process of assessing it starts after it gets watery.

To begin, its PH should be between 7.2 and 8.

A trained expert checks your sperm count, shape, movement, and other characteristics. 

In general, if you have a higher number of normal-shaped sperm, it means you have higher fertility. 

But there are plenty of exceptions to this. A lot of guys with low sperm counts or abnormal semen are still fertile. 

And about 15% of infertile men have normal semen and plenty of normal sperm.

Another factor that is looked into is the motility of the sperm. They are classified into Types, where; A swims fast, B is not as fast compared to A, C swims in one place and D are immotile.

The medics also observe how many sperms are in the 1ml of the ejaculate, it should be 15 million or more.

If the first semen analysis is normal, your doctor may order a second test to confirm the results. Two normal tests usually mean you don’t have any significant infertility problems. If something in the results looks unusual, your doctor might order more tests to pinpoint the problem.

How to improve the health of your sperm

  • Don’t smoke or use illicit drugs, especially anabolic steroids.
  • Avoid contact with toxins such as pesticides and heavy metals.
  • Limit how much alcohol you drink.
  • Eat a healthy diet and keep your weight under control.
  • Keep your scrotum cool, because heat slows down the making of sperm. To do this, avoid hot baths, wear boxers instead of briefs, and try not to wear tight pants.

Also read,

Gender determination of a child: tips on how to get pregnant with a boy

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Possible Complications After a Vasectomy: Does it Make Prostate Cancer More Likely?

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