A vasectomy is a procedure in which the tubes that transport sperm to a man’s ejaculate are severed and sealed.
As a result, a man should not be able to conceive a child. It’s commonly used as a birth control method.
To begin with, reversing a vasectomy is difficult and not usually successful. So, unless you’re certain you won’t want to father children in the future, don’t get the operation.
There are two types of vasectomy
The doctor makes cuts in your scrotum to reach two tubes called “vas deferens,” one for each testicle, for this type of procedure.
A small section of each tube may be removed by the doctor, leaving a small gap between the two ends.
They may burn each end, but they will sew each one together. Sperm can no longer reach your semen or leave your body after each vas deferens has been cut.
The doctor locates each vas deferens beneath the scrotum and clamps it in place. They’ll cut a tiny hole in your skin, stretch it open, and remove each vas deferens. They’ll cut it open, then seal it with searing, stitches, or a combination of the two.
Effects of a vasectomy procedure
A vasectomy is the most reliable type of birth control available. It’s also less likely to create complications than having a woman’s tubes tied (also known as tubal ligation), and it’s less expensive.
A vasectomy is a one-time expense that your insurance plan may pay.
Don’t be concerned about your sexual desire.
Your testosterone level, erections, climaxes, sex desire, or any other aspect of your sex life will not be affected by the procedure.
Complications are uncommon, but they can include bruising, inflammation, and infection if they do occur.
However, a few other issues are possible but rare:
- An ache or feeling of pressure or discomfort in a testicle
- Sperm granuloma (a hard lump or inflammation caused by leaking sperm)
- Spermatocele (a cyst in the tube that collects sperm)
- A hydrocele (a sac of fluid around a testicle that causes swelling in your scrotum)
- Discoloration of the scrotum (some bruising and swelling in the scrotum)
- Bleeding or hematoma (a hematoma is a collection of blood that can press on other nearby structures in the body)
Does a vasectomy make prostate cancer more likely?
The research on this is contradictory. Some research have suggested that men who have vasectomies are somewhat more likely than other men to develop prostate cancer, according to the American Cancer Society, but other studies haven’t identified such a link.
According to the most recent research, a vasectomy does not increase a man’s risk of prostate cancer, so this should not be a reason to avoid having one.